Some ophthalmologists choose to continue their education and specialize in a specific area of medical or vision care during a 2-year fellowship.
This specialty includes training in diagnosing and treating external diseases related to the cornea, sclera, and eyelids. Training within includes corneal transplant surgery and other types of surgery.
This specialty includes training in diagnosing and managing retinal diseases, like macular degeneration and diabetic eye disease. Retinal specialists can surgically repair torn and detached retinas and treat eye problems related to the vitreous.
Glaucoma specialists concentrate on the medical and surgical treatment of this vision-threatening disease.
Pediatric ophthalmologists specialize in diagnosing and treating eye conditions and diseases in children.
This specialty focuses on surgically or medically repairing damage or problems with the eyelids, orbit bones, and other structures around the eyes. Oculoplastics can reduce and even eliminate age-related saggy eyelids through a procedure called blepharoplasty.